Hinduism Timeline



2500–1500 B.C.E. —The Indus River Valley civilization develops and flourishes. Evidence of early Hindu practice is archaeologically dated to this vanished culture.

1600–1400 B.C.E. —The Aryan warrior culture conquers the Indus River Valley, bringing with it the Sanskrit language and major influences in the development of Hinduism.

1500–1200 B.C.E. —The Vedic Age in which the Rig Veda is written, reflecting the influence of joining the Aryan and Indus River Valley cultures.

1000–300 B.C.E. —The Brahmanas and Upanishads are written and added to the original Vedas.

600–500 B.C.E. —The Age of Protest as Buddhism and Jainism break away from the main flow of Hinduism.

400 B.C.E.–800 C.E. —The Hindu response to Buddhism and Jainism results in further changes to the main teachings of Hinduism.

326 B.C.E. —Alexander the Great brings his army and the influence of Greek civilization into the northernmost regions of India. The Indian Mauryan Empire is created to counter this Greek invasion of culture and ideas.

250 B.C.E. —Ashoka becomes Emperor of the Mauryan Dynasty.

400–500 C.E. — Hinduism returns as the dominant religion of India. Temples and monuments are built to honor Hindu ideas, gods and beliefs. This is the era of the Hindu Renaissance.

800–1000 C.E. — Bhakti movements begin to develop in India.

900 C.E. — Shankara teaches the reality of One Brahman or One God, introducing significant monotheistic beliefs into Hinduism.

1100 C.E. — Muslims arrive in India and influence the evolution of the Hindu faith.

1400–1700 C.E. — Europeans arrive in India to pursue colonization and commercial goals within the Hindu world.

1919–1948 C.E. — The era of Mahatma Gandhi’s profound influence on Hinduism and India.

1948–1990 C.E. — India and Pakistan become independent countries and enter the modern era. Both possess nuclear weapons and suffer from religious tension among their Muslim and Hindu populations.


Nikhil said...

I appreciate the in-depth information you have put on this blog. It is an interesting read. However, I am not sure why you have related Archeology and Hinduism timeline. I don't think that Indus valley (an archeological milestone) can be termed as the origin of Indian history. The timeline indicated is what European historian wanted the world (more specifically Indians) to believe and their interpretation is now continuously disputed. I would like to see a more evolved timeline based on the scriptures and the contexts therein.

Surya said...

Good read, lot of unanswered questions. Although its very common to find mention of said Aryan invasion and with it the was bringing Sanskrit to India/Indus valley.. there is no historical, archeological, geological or any other evidence to suggest that sanskrit existed anywhere outside ancient India.
Unless you are able to provide some evidence, please refrain from publishing anything as facts. Anything that is not a fact is a lie.

Carole Graziano said...

Good Afternoon, I am trying to learn about the history of Hinduism and stumbled upon this blog but was hoping you olcould direct me to books I should read.

Thank you for your time.