Colours in Hinduism
For the Hindu, colours play a very important role in the religion and culture and have a very deep significance, transcending purely decorative values. Hindu artistes use colour on the deities and their dresses signifying their qualities. Proper use of colours create a environment which should keep a person cheerful. Some of the main colours used in religious ceremonies are red, yellow (turmeric), green from leaves, white from wheat flour etc.
Red:- In Hindu religion red is of utmost significance and the colour most frequently used for auspicious occasions like marriages, birth of a child, festivals etc. A red mark is put on the forehead during ceremonies and important occasions. As a sign of marriage women put red powder on their hair parting. They also wear a red sari during marriage. Red powder is usually thrown on statues of deities and phallic symbols during prayers. It is also the colour of shakti (prowess). A red coloured dress is put on deities who are charitable, brave, protective and who have, the capacity to destroy evil. On the death of a woman, her body is wrapped in a red cloth for the cremation.
:- It represents fire and as impurities are burnt by fire, this colour symbolizes purity. It also represents religious abstinence. It is the colour of holy men and ascetics who have renounced the world. Wearing the colour symbolizes the quest for light. It is the battle colour of the Rajputs, the warrior caste.
Green:- Symbolising peace and happiness, it stabilises the mind. The colour is cool to the eyes and represents nature.
Yellow. This is the colour of knowledge and learning. It symbolizes happiness, peace, meditation, competence and mental development. It is the colour of spring and activates the mind. Lord Vishnu’s dress is yellow symbolizing his representation of knowledge. Lord Krishna and Ganesha also wear yellow dresses.
White:- It is a mixture of seven different colours hence it symbolizes a little bit of the quality of each. It represents purity, cleanliness, peace and knowledge. The goddess of knowledge, Saraswati is always shown as wearing a white dress, sitting on a white lotus. The other prominent deities would also have a touch of white on their dress. A Hindu widow would wear a white dress in mourning.
Blue:- The Creator has given the maximum of blue to nature i.e. the sky, the oceans, the rivers and lakes. The deity who has the qualities of bravery, manliness, determination, the ability to deal with difficult situations, of stable mind and depth of character is represented as blue coloured. Lord Rama and Krishna spent their life protecting humanity and destroying evil, hence they are coloured blue.